Earlier this year, I read the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. The people of China are oppressed, politically and economically while many people in the country's southeast are living in heavily polluted cities with a limited food supply.
In fact, some basic human rights that we, as Americans, enjoy everyday, are granted only to some in China and only to a degree, others are non-existent. Ownership of land and the freedom to grow one's own food are just two examples.
I found that their constitution, adopted in 1982, grants to either the state or collectives, ownership of all land, in fact, "No organization or individual may appropriate, buy, sell or unlawfully transfer land in other ways."
Though citizens of China have the right to use land, "All organizations and individuals using land must ensure its rational use." Article 10
With regard to the growing of one's own food for consumption, only, "working people who are members of rural economic collectives, have the right,... to farm plots of cropland..for private use, engage in household sideline production and raise privately owned livestock." Article 8
Yet, while their constitution presents a meager dispensary of human rights the harsh reality of recent events is even worse.
The 2016-2017 "De-Extremification" laws led to the removal of 1.2 million Uighurs from their homes in the Xingjiang province to internment camps in 2018, also called re-education centers.
Uighurs are, for the most part, Muslims, or, in fact, persons other than Han, who live in the upper northwest quadrant of China.
"De-Extremification" Laws and recent actions of the Chinese government conflict with language found in their Constitution's Preamble, "...necessary to combat Han-chauvinism, and to combat local national chauvinism."
Uighurs were tortured in the style of the Spanish Inquisition, with electric jolts, the "tiger chair" and other methods for their beliefs, self-expression and defiance. Their children were sent to an orphanage style setting for "re-education".
Concerning air pollution, the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China states that their government "prevents and controls pollution and other public hazards."
However, China, as the world's number one contributer to Global Warming and producer of carbon dioxide, and, as such, doesn't live up to their standard.
In fact, in addition to what China spews into the air, one tenth of their cultivatable land is heavily polluted, being contaminated by polluted water. T
he health consequences are also enormous, with an annual 6 million tons of food grain containing toxins, causing severe health consequences in many of their people.
The Chinese government is clearly responsible for their mess, and the mistreatment of their people.
While the United States State Department recognizes the abuses of Tibetans and China's impact on Global Warming, I believe more needs to be done to address China's misbehavior.
As a world leader and defender of Democracy we can help the Chinese people, and many others around the world, in working to promote human rights and free those inhumanely mistreated. We can work to improve environmental conditions in China, and help create a world that truly fosters the human rights that aspires to.
Such abuses wouldn't be tolerated in this county.
China's election process is representative to the degree that local congresses, elected by popular vote, elect representation to the National People's Congress, who, in turn, elects their President and Vice President. The Standing Committee, considered to be the most powerful political body in China, is appointed by the National People's Congress.
As a result, the path to political, economic, social and environmental change may be more difficult for the Chinese people.
China's governmental framework distances the people and their needs from the heart of governance, and their Constitution further protects their society from fundamental change.
While their own legislative wheels are not likely to move their people or their nation forward, this May 14th a bill introduced in the Senate by Senator Marco Rubio was passed unanimously that condemns the mistreatment of the Uighurs and will impose sanctions on China for their human rights violations.
China's Oppressed People
and Political Framework
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